Many corporations are creating their own internal and external policies that increase the demand for renewable chemicals and other biobased products. Business to business policies are designed and implemented to grow the economy and provide jobs in an environmentally sustainable and energy efficient manner. To advance the nation’s industrial ability, many of these policies are set in place to represent the nation’s leading manufacturing sectors. Select examples of business to business policies are included below.
The Sustainable Apparel Coalition created the Higg Index, which is a standardized supply chain measurement tool that describes a company’s environmental, social, and labor impacts of making and selling their products and services. By measuring sustainability performance, the industry can address inefficiencies. It can also help to resolve damaging practices and achieve the environmental and social transparency demanded by consumers. By joining forces in a coalition, addressing urgent, systemic challenges is possible.
Fair Trade makes sure companies’ products become certified by following social, environmental and economic standards. The companies must promote safe working conditions, aim to protect the environment, be transparent in their efforts, and empower the community to succeed. Products originating in more than 45 countries that are Fair Trade Certified™ are being sold in the United States.
B Lab is a nonprofit organization that allows companies to become Certified B Corporations. When a company is a certified B corporation, it meets the standards of verified, social and environmental performance, public transparency, and legal accountability. B Lab promotes Mission Alignment using innovative corporate structures. These include the benefit of a corporation to align the interests of business with those of society.
The Outdoor Industry Association is a premier trade association in Boulder, Colorado, consisting of a collaboration of hundreds of outdoor organizations to implement better practices in the supply chain. Goals of the Outdoor Industry Association include driving change in the recreation industry and trade policy, sustainability in business innovation, and increased outdoor participation. The association offers the following tools and resources: networking events, education opportunities, research reports, case studies, business savings and brand recognition opportunities.
Modern biotechnology offers breakthrough products and technologies that are advantageous. Current day biotechnology not only combats debilitating and rare diseases, but also reduces the environmental footprint, feeds the hungry, uses less and cleaner energy, and makes having safer, cleaner and more efficient industrial manufacturing processes possible. The Biotechnology Innovation Organization (BIO) represents more than 1,100 biotechnology companies, academic institutions, and state biotechnology centers across the United States plus 30 other countries. All members of BIO are involved in the research and development of healthcare, agricultural, industrial, and environmental biotechnology products. The organization hopes to educate the media and public about the biotechnology industry’s progress. It also provides member companies with business development services.
Patagonia, is a designer of outdoor clothing, currently uses fossil fuels to produce the shell of their coats. Alternative energy sources are being sought out to develop a more environmentally-friendly process. Patagonia is being transparent about the fact that they are contributing to climate change. The brand supports a variety of initiatives to reduce their carbon footprint and discover more sustainable ways to produce these high-quality products. To give back, the company donates one percent of sales to an Earth Tax. That money in turn supports environmental organizations around the world that take down dams, restore forests, protect endangered species, and promote sustainable agriculture practices. Patagonia has donated 70 million dollars to these initiatives so far. The company is also looking for ways to make their facilities more eco-friendly. Through the Employee Drive Less Program, Patagonia provides a monetary incentive to employees that car pool, take public transportation, walk, or use any mode of transportation besides driving alone.
IKEA utilizes renewable energy sources and waste management tactics to become environmentally friendly. IKEA has a sustainability strategy called People & Planet Positive. Because consumers shouldn’t have to choose between design, functionality, price, or sustainability when purchasing a product, their product lines are manufactured through eco-friendly practices. IKEA only uses LED bulbs in their facilities and was the first major retailer to sell exclusively LED bulbs and lighting fixtures in their stores. Solar panels have been installed on 90 percent of their United States buildings. To power their buildings in Texas and Illinois, IKEA has two wind farms generating renewable energy. IKEA has planted 2.4 million trees in American forests and only sends about 15 percent of waste to landfills to offset carbon dioxide emissions. IKEA’s goal is to use 100 percent renewable energy through wind farms and solar panels. IKEA also plans to source wood from more sustainable locations. All these initiatives have cost IKEA over one billion dollars.
Johnson & Johnson is another business looking forward to offsetting carbon dioxide emissions. The company’s sustainability plan is called Citizenship & Sustainability 2020 Goals. It focuses on making individual consumers and their homes healthier by increasing the recyclability of products and reducing carbon dioxide emissions by 20 percent. Johnson & Johnson includes their vehicle fleet and facility emissions when calculating their carbon dioxide emissions.
The Hershey Company, consisting of manufacturing and distribution centers, hotels, and an amusement park, wants to do more with their sustainability efforts. In the next seven years, the company would like to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 50 percent. Also by 2025, all 11 Hershey facilities would like to achieve zero waste-to-landfill status. Another goal for the company is to reach a 95 percent company-wide recycling rate. By 2020, the company would like to transition to 100 percent certified cocoa. The cocoa will need to be verified by independent auditors to ensure that it meets labor, environmental, and farming standards. Other company incentives include the expanded use of electric vehicles to reduce emissions.
TMD Technologies Group Company- Go Green Bioproducts, LLC, which has its headquarters in the United Kingdom, breaks down and recycles packaged Go Green Bioproducts from a wide variety of beverage and food products to completely eliminate waste discharge, not leaving any materials that must be disposed of or discharged as a liquid. The Go Green Concentrate (sugar) is converted into biofuels or value added bioproducts for future use.
Olleco, established in 2014, is a renewable energy business. It provides the United Kingdom’s food sector with the opportunity of fleets to be run on the same oil in which they fry their chips. This makes carbon dioxide savings of more than 95 percent when compared to fossil fuels. Olleco collects used cooking oils, fats and food waste from 50,000 catering and hospitality businesses to produce biofuels such as biodiesel. Olleco recycles more than 100,000 tons of organic waste each year. It generates 1MWh of renewable heat and power and produces 16 million liters of biodiesel, which meets the strict European Union specifications.
GENeco, located in the United Kingdom, extracts energy in the form of biogas from a mix of food waste, commercial liquid waste and domestic sewage. It is then refined to the same composition as natural gas. The company is diverting 100 percent of waste from landfills and providing renewable energy for nearly 150,000 homes. In 2013, the company was awarded zero-waste-to-landfill status and is carbon neutral. GENeco’s plant turns the biogas to biomethane. GENeco helped create the Bio-Bug, the United Kingdom’s first VW Beetle powered by human waste. The Bio-Bug can be powered for a whole year with the biogas from the waste of just 70 homes.
Wyke Farms is working on redefining the dairy business. It has become the first national cheddar brand to be 100 percent self-sufficient in solar and biogas energy. Wyke Farms is one of the first United Kingdom grocery brands and it saves over 22 million kilos of carbon dioxide per year. Over the next few years, the company aspires to be one of the most sustainable grocery suppliers in the sector. The company’s latest investment project is to generate more upgraded biogas to fuel HGV vehicles like milk tankers and increase solar energy by using other roofs and recovering heat from the rear of solar panels.